Studies say that genital herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. It may surprise you but such is the stigma related to this problem that very few people reveal it to even their closest friends. And because it is usually swept under the carpet, most people are not even aware of the potency and spread of this disease. But you should and may want to know the specific causes of genital herpes so that you can save yourself from its clutches.
Genital herpes is primarily caused by the herpes simplex virus or HSV. There are two forms in which this virus exists; the HSV-1 and the HSV-2. While both may be equally potent in causing herpes, genital herpes is usually caused by HSV-2. HSV-1 on the other hand is the main cause of oral herpes infections, but it can also cause genital herpes if there is contact between mouth and genitals, which is what happens during oral sex.
So your key takeaway from this is the fact that genital herpes is caused by contact-whether it is during sexual intercourse or other sexual acts. So it ultimately all depends on whether the person you are in contact with, has herpes or not. But the problem here is that it is not always possible to detect herpes from externally visible signs. It often happens that you have herpes but you are not aware of it because there are no telltale signs or symptoms! Here you can read more facts about herpes.
When this happens, inadvertently you become the cause of herpes for your sexual partner. The same may be true if your partner is not aware that he/she has genital herpes. Another alarming stat for you: 90% people who suffer from herpes fail to pinpoint the exact time when they got this disease, because of not just late symptoms but also because sometimes they have no symptoms at all!
So, this may have helped you bust a common myth that herpes is contagious only when the sores show. Research has confirmed that the HSV-2 virus can be present and active even if there are no sores or lesions to display their presence.
You should also be aware that herpes can be caused by reasons other than direct contact with an infected person, as well. The HSV-2 virus can enter your body in ways such as:
Blood transfusion from an infected person.
Use of needles used previously by a person carrying genital herpes.
From the mother to child while delivery or pre-delivery as well.
The kind of lifestyle you have can also be the reason behind herpes. It has been seen that in racial profiling of genital herpes patients, 45.9% of blacks had this disease as opposed to only 17.6% of whites. This can be traced to their general lifestyle. If you know what a ghetto is like, you will surely understand that a life of drugs, sex and scant regard for health and hygiene can make it easier for genital herpes to affect you.